The Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute studies the value and role of radiology in evolving health care delivery and payment systems, including quality based approaches to care and the impact of medical imaging on overall health care costs. Neiman Institute research provides a foundation for evidence-based imaging policy to improve patient care and bolster efficient, effective use of health care resources. Read the 2016 Neiman Institute Annual Report.

ICE-T Inpatient Cost Evaluation Tool

Case 1: Which DRG Should a Practice Bundle?

Esteemed Radiology, a fictional radiology group, has partnered with their local hospital and other physician specialty practices to develop bundled payment models so they can participate in the exciting world of value based payments.  The various physician practice and hospital leaders meet to determine which DRGs they would like to propose to CMS for participating in the BPCI program.  Given the fundamental differences in care for different medical conditions, it is not obvious which DRGs provide the greatest value for the provider organizations without exposing themselves to too much financial risk.  Using ICE-T, Esteemed Radiology provides data that ranks all inpatient DRGs from highest to lowest by two different categories:

 

Frequency of Episodes

Note: When ranking DRGs by frequency the Medicare and Type of Cost selectors do not affect the results.

c1_freq

 

Mean Part B Imaging Cost

c1_meanimg

 

Comparing these two tables, Esteemed Radiology’s business analyst does not see a lot of overlap between the top 20 most frequent and top 20 most expensive episodes.  Using the Search Box, the analyst types in 470 to see where the most frequent DRG ranks in terms of mean imaging cost per episode.

c1_mean470

 

Looking at the Rank table results, DRG 470 is ranked 728th out of the 738 DRGs in the 2013 data and has a mean imaging cost of $39.86. This indicates that there probably are not many opportunities to generate savings, but if the variance in cost is fairly low it may still be a good candidate for bundling simply because of the large volume of episodes.

To explore this further, Esteemed Radiology should examine the distribution of costs for this DRG more carefully using the Compare tool.

Selecting the box next to the DRG and then clicking the highlighted “Compare DRGS” box will automatically load this DRG into the Compare tool for greater analysis.  We will explore Esteemed Radiology’s next analysis in Case 2: Examining CJR Episodes

 

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